political science

politikos mokslai statusas T sritis Politika apibrėžtis Socialinių mokslų kryptis, tyrinėjanti ir aiškinanti politikos reiškinius. Palyginti nauja disciplina; susiformavimas siejamas su mokslo metodo, kaip jį eksplikavo pozityvistai, taikymu politikos studijoms. Kaip disciplina, siekianti moksliškai paaiškinti politinę tikrovę, susiformavo ir buvo suinstitucinta 19 a. antroje pusėje. Mokslinio pažinimo standartai atmetė tradicinius normatyvinius klausimus, į kuriuos neįmanoma pateikti mokslinių atsakymų, tai savo ruožtu lėmė politikos filosofijos, kaip nepriklausančios politikos mokslams, išskyrimą (20 a. viduryje). Metodologinės minties raida pakeitė moksliškumo sampratą, ir nuo 20 a. antros pusės politikos mokslais vadinamos visos politikos studijos pagal akademinės bendruomenės pripažįstamus pažinimo standartus. Skirstomi į šakas; dėl jų struktūros tvirto sutarimo nėra. Paprastai skiriamos šakos: lyginamoji politika, politikos filosofija, tarptautiniai santykiai, viešoji politika ir viešasis administravimas; įvairios tarpdisciplininės šakos: politikos sociologija, politinė antropologija, politinė komunikacija ir t. t. atitikmenys: angl. political science ryšiai: susijęs terminaslyginamoji politika susijęs terminaspolitikos sociologija susijęs terminaspolitinė antropologija susijęs terminastarptautiniai santykiai susijęs terminastarptautiniai santykiai

Politikos mokslų enciklopedinis žodynas. – Vilnius: Vilniaus universiteto leidykla. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • political science — political scientist. a social science dealing with political institutions and with the principles and conduct of government. [1770 80] * * * Academic discipline concerned with the empirical study of government and politics. Political scientists… …   Universalium

  • political science — n. the science of political institutions, or of the principles, organization, and methods of government political scientist n …   English World dictionary

  • political science — ► NOUN ▪ the study of political activity and behaviour …   English terms dictionary

  • Political science — For the Randy Newman song of the same name, see Political Science (song). Part of the Politics series Politics …   Wikipedia

  • political science — An academic discipline which studies power and the distribution of power in different types of political systems. Political scientists inquire as to the sources of power, how it is exercised and by whom, how processes of constraint and control… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • political science — N UNCOUNT Political science is the study of the ways in which political power is acquired and used in a country …   English dictionary

  • political science — science of politics, study of the structure and methods of governments and political organizations …   English contemporary dictionary

  • political science — (Roget s IV) n. Syn. political economy, science of government, politics, political theory, study of government, government science; see also social science …   English dictionary for students

  • political science — noun Date: 1779 a social science concerned chiefly with the description and analysis of political and especially governmental institutions and processes • political scientist noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • political science — noun the study of government of states and other political units (Freq. 1) • Syn: ↑politics, ↑government • Derivationally related forms: ↑political scientist • Topics: ↑government, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

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